If there are six of the following conditions, the fulfillment of the Hajj becomes mandatory for each person:
1.Confession of religion Islam.
2.Coming of age.
3. The health of reason.
4. Personal freedom.
5. Road safety.
6. Material and physical ability.
Opportunity is considered in two ways: the availability of transport and means necessary for living and upkeep during the Hajj period and being on the way. The woman additionally needs an accompanying close relative (mahram). If the pilgrim has dependents, then he must leave them sufficient funds until his return. One who for health reasons cannot perform the Hajj, but has the financial ability to do so, must authorize another person to perform the Hajj for himself.
The main components (arcana) of the Hajj
When studying the order and norms of pilgrimage, it is necessary to pay special attention to its main components (arcana), without which the hajj is not valid.
The Hajj consists of the following six essential components:
1. Intention, along with putting on ihram (special, non-woven clothing, consisting of two pieces of matter).
2. Stay in the area of Araf on the ninth day of the month of dhul-hijj.
3. Tawaf - a tour around the Kaaba.
4. Walking (sa‘yu) between the hills of Safa and Marva.
5. Hair cutting or shaving (at least three hairs must be removed).
6. Compliance with the sequence of execution in most lasso.
Hajj has five necessary actions:
1. Entry into the Hajj in Mikat (the place of entry into the Hajj. Pilgrims arriving from Russia usually enter the hajj in a mikat called Zul-Khulayfa. It is near the medina. This place is also called Abaru Ali).
2. Spending the night in the area of Muzdalifa.
3. Spending nights on Tashrik days (after the festival of sacrifices) in the Mina Valley.
4. Throwing pebbles (in a specific place).
5. The farewell tawaf around the Kaaba.
If you do not complete at least one of the above five points, then this person in the Hajj must pay a fine.
Acts Prohibited For Hajj
It is very important to know the forbidden and permissible actions during the Hajj. After joining a hajj or die before they are completed, pilgrims are prohibited from:
1. Copulation with the wife and the prelude preceding this.
2. Marriage rite (for oneself or for others).
3. Use of incense(the incense with which the pilgrim perfumed before entering into the Hajj will not damage the reality of the Hajj).
4. Contact of any fats or oils with facial or scalp hair.
5. Removing at least one hair from any part of the body (if the hair fell by itself, then this is not taken into account).
6. Cutting even a small part of the nail (remove broken off and interfering nail is allowed).
7. For men - wearing stitched clothes and shoes with closed front or backcovering the head with a hat or something else. For women - shelter of the face and hands.
8. Hunting in the territory of Haram, as well as damage to vegetation in the territory of Haram.
The deliberate commission of the above acts without valid reasons from the point of view of the Sharia is a sin, and therefore you need to repent and pay a fine. After throwing stones and removing hair, all bans are removed, except for intimacy with his wife. And this is allowed only after the complete completion of the Hajj, that is, after the completion of all lasso.
Varieties of the Hajj Fine
Exists five varieties of the fine in the Hajj:
1. For non-compliance with the necessary actions - a fine - a sheep sacrifice. If this is not possible, then it is necessary to observe the fast for ten days (three days in the Hajj, seven at home).
2. If the pilgrim has simultaneously removed three or more hair or nails, perfumed with incense, deliberately covered his head, put on sewn clothes, anointed hair of his head or beard with oil, kissed his wife before throwing pebbles on the day of Eid al-Adha, then he should repent and choose one of the following three atoning procedures: kill a ram, observe fasting during three days or give the six poor three sa '(that is, seven and a half kilograms of wheat).
A fine should be paid for one removed hair or nail - one mudd (about 650 g) of wheat. For two hairs or two nails - two muddas.
3. For killing game, felling a tree - a fine equivalent to game or a tree.
4. For intimacy with my wife. If a pilgrim deliberately copes with his wife before throwing stones on the day of the sacrifice and cutting their hair, then his hajj will completely deteriorate. Nevertheless, he should perform the rituals of this Hajj to the end, and then he must be reimbursed next year. In addition, as a fine, he must kill a camel, this rests with the husband.
5. For the interruption of the Hajj - a fine - a sheep sacrifice.
Ethics of visiting the shrine of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him)
A visit to the grave of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) is a very important sunnah for the pilgrim and one of the best deeds that bring him closer to Allah. The imams of all four madhhabs agreed on this, for the hadiths also testify to this.
It is advisable for those traveling to Medina to bless the Prophet more (peace and blessings be upon him), while approaching Medina, it is recommended to take a complete bath, cut nails, remove hair, put on clean clothes and scent (if the person is not in ihram). If possible, it is advisable to go to Medina on foot. One must also go with humility, in a tender mood, with sadness that they could not see the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) alive, in order to have hope to see him in Eternal Life. As you approach the mosque, you need to renew repentance, give alms, for there is a command from the Almighty to give alms before visiting the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him). At the gates of the mosque, one should linger a little, heart asking for permission to enter. You need to enter the mosque with your right foot. Then, the salah (tahiyya) should be performed there. After prayer with Khuzur, i.e., remembering Allah all the time, they approach the grave of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), and standing in front of him, bowing his head and closing his eyes, you should quietly greet the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), as if he himself is standing in front of you.
Abu Bakr and Umar are also welcomed, may Allah be pleased with them. Further, turning towards Qibla, they read a dua and turn to Allah, asking us to endow us with the intercession of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), and also ask the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) to intercede for us on Judgment Day.
After that, they make a ziyarat in the Baki cemetery and read a prayer there to the deceased.
Let the one who wants to start life from scratch, embarks on a pilgrimage with a sincere intention, and the main sign of acceptance by the Almighty Hajj is a change in the character of a person for the better after his commission.
Failure to comply with this fundamental minimum of the requirements of Islam testifies to the weakness of human faith. Those who do not observe this minimum will be very severely punished in Eternal Life if they do not repent, do not compensate for the missed duties and will not be forgiven by Allah Almighty. One who denies the need to abide by the binding precepts of Allah or one of the pillars of Islam becomes an unbeliever.
In addition to the above five pillars, in Islam there are many other requirements that must be observed by each person. For example: veneration of parents, maintaining warm relations with relatives, observing the duties and rules of decency in relation to neighbors, showing respect for older people, showing mercy and compassion for younger ones, etc.
There are also prohibitions of Islam, for example, a ban on committing grave sins such as killing a person, adultery, theft, drinking drugs, usury, gossip, slander, slander, envy, enmity, harming the surrounding language or physically, oppressing the weak, the appropriation or use of someone else’s property, etc. It is necessary for a person to move away from such acts, as well as repent of previously committed ones, for if Allah Almighty does not forgive him, then a severe and intolerable punishment awaits the person in eternal life. May Allah Almighty protect us from this! Amen!
The amount of remuneration intended for a Muslim for the fulfillment of these requirements depends on the amount of these acts, sincerity, thoroughness and diligence shown in their implementation.
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- A minor may perform the Hajj, but this does not relieve him of the obligation to perform the Hajj in the future when he reaches adulthood.
- Rites that a child can’t do, such as throwing stones, are performed by parents or accompanying adults.
- Women during the period of menstruation perform all the rites except the tawaf, which can be performed after the end of this period.
- Women, the elderly and the infirm, are permitted to instruct other pilgrims to throw stones. A pilgrim charged with throwing stones for others must first throw stones for himself, then (immediately) for the entruster.
- Elderly and sick people who have no hope of recovery have the right to entrust another person to perform the Hajj for themselves, provided that he has already performed the Hajj for himself.
- Also, those who have already performed Hajj are allowed to perform Hajj for the deceased.