Cervical osteochondrosis is a fairly common pathology in the modern world, every year it tends to rejuvenate. This disease can be found in almost every person at the age of 30. This is due to the fact that most of them lead a sedentary and sedentary lifestyle, and even if they know about their diagnosis, they do not know how to sleep correctly with cervical osteochondrosis.
In the presence of osteochondrosis, dystrophic changes in the intervertebral discs occur, and over time, the symptoms of the pathological process become much brighter and more pronounced. If the patient experiences soreness and severe discomfort in the cervical and shoulder regions, morning headaches are a clear sign of cervical osteochondrosis.
Usually, this is due to the fact that at night a person slept in the wrong position, and during sleep, structures such as nerve endings, blood vessels, and muscles were compressed. Further, in more detail about how to sleep correctly with cervical osteochondrosis, what auxiliary agents are needed, and also how to choose them correctly.
Healthy sleep as a treatment for osteochondrosis
Early diagnosis of pathological processes occurring in the neck will avoid serious complications, so you should listen to the body, and at the slightest deviation go to the doctor. This is due to the fact that the cervical vertebrae are located in close proximity to the brain, as well as the location of the nerve trunk and arteries.
If the patient is diagnosed with a hernia or protrusion, this can lead to a displacement of the intervertebral discs, even from an insignificant load. The displacement is due to the fact that the cervical vertebrae are very thin in structure, the distance between them is very small, and the muscles and ligaments that hold the vertebrae are weak.
Good sleep is one of the treatment for cervical osteochondrosis, since it is in a dream that the vertebrae can change their position. There are a number of rules that a patient must observe during sleep, if there is a diagnosis, but if he does not, then he should buy an orthopedic pillow.
If the patient has osteochondrosis of the cervical vertebrae, then, with an incorrect posture during sleep, the next morning he will experience general malaise, brittleness throughout the body, headaches that are associated with insufficient oxygen supply to the brain. From all of the above, we can draw a small conclusion about the fact that in order not to hurt the neck and head, you need to sleep in the correct position and on the right bed.
Causes of neck pain after sleep
The causes of neck pain can be both general physiological and pathological, that is, be a manifestation of any diseases of the spine or be complicated by these diseases. In general, there are several main factors that will help answer the question why the neck hurts after sleep:
- Pinched nerve endings, as a result of which the circulation of the cervical spine is disturbed. This can happen due to the fact that a person is sleeping on the “wrong” pillow or in an uncomfortable position. The manifestations of such a violation can be:
- dizziness with a sharp change of position,
- headaches (especially the occipital part)
- tingling in the limbs
- fatigue, decreased overall performance.
- Inflammation of the cervical muscles (myositis) - is characterized by obvious pain, as well as limited mobility of the neck. The causes of cervical myositis are both hypothermia, stressful situations, sharp head turns, sedentary office work, complications after infectious diseases, and an incorrectly organized sleeping place.
Manifestations of the initial stage of myositis are expressed in acute, sharp pain, which does not allow you to turn your head. This disease is dangerous because in the absence of proper treatment it can go into the chronic stage and lead to atrophy of the cervical muscles.
- Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is a degenerative-dystrophic disturbance of the intervertebral discs as a result of large loads on the spine. It manifests itself with the following symptoms:
- neck pain after sleep in the wrong position,
- headaches, dizziness,
- impaired coordination of movements,
- violation of auditory, visual, vocal functions (hearing loss, tinnitus, hoarseness),
Sleep deprivation is a voluntary refusal of night rest for therapeutic purposes. The methodology gained its distribution in ...
The main causes of the disease are severe physical exertion, injuries, poor posture, overweight, stress, hypothermia, etc.
Similar causes and symptoms manifest cervical spondylarthrosis, which consists in the fact that due to degenerative changes on the edges of the vertebrae appear bone growths - osteophytes. These formations tend to grow, leading to damage to nerve endings.
- A very big influence on the state of the human body is exerted by stressful situations and emotional experiences. Being in a state of deep stress, a person involuntarily becomes completely drawn into himself, the neck muscles are constantly tense. As a result, even when a person is sleeping, the body does not relax, which is manifested by neck pain after waking up.
Diagnosis is an important and indispensable element for determining what processes occur in the body, and clarifying the causes of neck pain that occurs after sleep. The causes of pain in the cervical region can be many, and in the absence of timely diagnosis and treatment, they can lead to the most tragic consequences. In addition, some symptoms may indicate that a person has serious illnesses, for example, severe headaches and dizziness until unconsciousness, numbness of the limbs, pressure drops, etc. Therefore, when a pain syndrome occurs in the neck, you do not need to try self-medication, but immediately see a doctor.
After the doctor conducts a survey and examination of the patient, an additional study of the processes that occur in the joints of the cervical spine is prescribed. It includes: magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, x-ray, electroneuromyography, etc. In addition, a blood test and a cardiogram are necessary. These are the most primary research methods that will help establish the cause of pain.
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How to get rid of neck pain after sleep
In order to eliminate pain, discomfort, restore the motor function of the neck, first aid can be provided on your own at home. The main action should be aimed at relaxing and stretching the cervical muscles. To do this, massage the neck with gentle movements of the hands, stretch the muscles with gentle movements of the head, and if necessary, take any pain medication.
Regardless of the intensity of pain in the cervical region, this fact cannot be ignored, because this can be a manifestation of a serious disease.
The main methods of getting rid of neck pain are:
- the use of drugs
- physiotherapeutic procedures (shock wave, laser, magnetic, balneotherapy, etc.),
- exercise therapy
- surgical intervention (with special indications).
With the primary manifestations of soreness of the cervical spine, a mild degree of these pains, painkillers (tablets, ointments, gels) that act locally are used as adjunctive therapy.
Preventive measures to prevent the appearance of primary as well as recurrent pain in the cervical spine are very simple and accessible to everyone. But their significance is very great, since it is easier to prevent the occurrence, and even more so, of the development of serious symptoms, than to combat them.
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The main measures for the prevention of pain in the cervical spine are:
- Exercise. To do this, it is not necessary to torture yourself with various sports equipment, it is enough to perform several exercises daily that will maintain muscle tone and normal blood circulation.
- Choose the right pillows and mattresses for sleeping. You can not use a high pillow for sleep. You can buy a roller - a special orthopedic accessory, which is designed to release the cervical spine from stress and, accordingly, prevents headaches.
- Try to often change position while working at the computer, monitor posture.
- Avoid drafts (metro, air conditioners, fans).
- Do a light preventive massage to restore blood circulation in the cervical spine. Special procedures for massage of the cervical spine can be recommended only by a doctor!
The opinion of doctors
Specialists involved in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases associated with the spine agree that in the event of acute, and even more chronic pain in the cervical spine, it is necessary to consult a doctor for qualified medical care. The independent use of painkillers, massages, compresses, as well as a variety of alternative methods of treatment, can not only distort the true picture of the disease in subsequent diagnoses, but also lead to irreversible consequences associated with limited motor function and disability.
No matter how trite it may sound, but the basis of our physical health is a healthy lifestyle. Therefore, to prevent the development of diseases, the symptoms of which are pain in the cervical region, it is necessary to adhere to the correct diet, daily routine, actively engage in sports (gymnastics, swimming), avoid stressful situations, as well as excessive physical exertion for the body. Then the risk of such diseases will significantly decrease, and recovery after injuries will occur much faster.
The importance of good sleep in the disease
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With osteochondrosis of 2 or 3 severity, pain in the neck occurs not only with tilts and turns of the head, but also at rest. Therefore, one of the symptoms of this pathology is insomnia. Lying in bed, a person has long been looking for a comfortable position to ease the pain and fall asleep.
But this does not solve the problem - even with a short rest, the muscles of the shoulder girdle and neck tighten, the vertebral artery is pinched. This blood vessel provides oxygen and nutrients to the brain. If a person does not sleep correctly, then due to hypoxia in the morning, when getting up from bed, he becomes dizzy, and dark spots and colored circles appear in front of his eyes.
Basic sleep rules for cervical osteochondrosis
Osteochondrosis of the cervical localization is dangerous for its neurological symptoms. To eliminate them, you need a long course of taking tablets, the introduction of injection solutions. Therefore, it is advisable to prevent a rise in blood pressure and a headache. To do this, you need to ensure proper rest during sleep.
|Basic sleep rules for cervical osteochondrosis||Characteristics|
|Body position||It is most preferable to sleep on your back or side, as muscle cramps rarely occur in this position and the blood supply to the brain oxygen decreases.|
|Orthopedic mattress||The main criteria for the correct choice of a mattress are its rigidity, size, quality of the filler, as well as the stage of the course of osteochondrosis and the severity of its clinical manifestations|
|Orthopedic pillow||Before buying, you need to consult a neurologist. An excessively rigid product will only worsen the quality of sleep, and rest on a soft pillow will not have any therapeutic effect.|
|Foot position||Doctors recommend bending your knees slightly during sleep. With straightened legs, the muscles of the entire back are excessively tensed, which eliminates proper rest|
The correct position of the head and the whole body during sleep allows you to fully relax the skeletal muscles. The musculo-ligamentous apparatus reliably supports intervertebral discs and vertebral bodies, and prevents their displacement. If the anatomically correct position of the spine is not observed, then the destructive-degenerative processes occurring in it are aggravated. The back muscles not only do not “rest”, but also get an additional load.
In this position, there is no excessive tension of the cervical muscles. In addition, the distance between the vertebral structures increases slightly, which improves blood circulation. A sufficient number of substances enter the discs and vertebrae for their regeneration. After all, it is during sleep that the main recovery processes occur in the body.
But you only need to sleep with your legs bent. Otherwise, in the morning you can feel back pain, especially in the lower back. The legs are often involuntarily straightened immediately after falling asleep, so you should pre-place a small soft roller under them.
This position of the body is useful for osteochondrosis, as the muscles of the neck and shoulders are as relaxed as possible. But on the pillow should be only the head, and not the shoulder. If it’s uncomfortable to sleep like that, it’s advisable to purchase a special orthopedic pillow. It is equipped with recesses for the head and shoulder. Sleeping on one side with such a pillow is especially recommended for osteochondrosis of high severity, intervertebral hernias and excess weight.
This is called the position on the side with arms extended along the body. It is acceptable for cervical osteochondrosis, if the legs are slightly bent in a dream. To keep them in this position, you need to use a roller or a small narrow pillow. In the "log" position, you need to sleep with polysegmental osteochondrosis, which is characterized by simultaneous damage to the cervical and lumbar intervertebral discs.
How to understand that the situation is wrong
The position of the body for sleeping is not chosen correctly if discomfort immediately arises in the back of the neck. A person needs a lot of time to comfortably place his head on a pillow, but this does not become a guarantee of a quality rest. The most clearly wrong choice of posture for sleep is manifested in the morning. At night, small and large blood vessels were squeezed, muscles tensed excessively, and the brain lacked oxygen and nutrients. Therefore, immediately after awakening, one or more symptoms of oxygen starvation occur:
- dizziness, impaired coordination of movements,
- headache of any intensity
- double objects before the eyes, the appearance of circles, flickering "flies",
- stiffness in shoulders and neck.
With cervical osteochondrosis, a person often does not get enough sleep, which negatively affects his psycho-emotional state. He becomes irritable, nervous or, conversely, lethargic, lethargic.
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Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is a disease that has not yet been completely cured. His therapy is aimed at preventing the involvement of healthy discs and vertebrae in the destructive process. An important part of prevention is the use of orthopedic mattresses and pillows.
The service life of a good quality orthopedic mattress is at least 10 years, so you need to carefully go to his choice. You should also consult with a neurologist. Doctors recommend acquiring rigid models only for osteochondrosis of 2 or 3 severity, when the likelihood of protrusion or intervertebral hernia is increased. If the pathology has just begun to develop, then an elastic, but not too hard mattress is suitable for sleeping. It will take on the anatomical shape of the body, but at the same time it will not unnecessarily hamper the movement.
Orthopedic mattresses are spring, equipped with dependent or independent units, and springless. In the latest models, the filler acts as a shock absorber. With cervical osteochondrosis, it is preferable to choose spring mattresses, characterized by a high degree of elasticity.
The fact that the pillow is chosen correctly will be indicated by a full sleep and the absence of neurogenic symptoms of osteochondrosis after awakening. There are many models of these orthopedic products, so it is usually difficult for a visitor to navigate in a pharmacy or specialty store. Therefore, a doctor’s consultation is also necessary.
If the model is chosen correctly, then during sleep there is no desire to put a hand under the head. Человек засыпает сразу, а не долго размещает подушку в наиболее приемлемом положении.
A pillow with a high degree of rigidity is necessary for those patients who prefer to sleep on their backs. As a rule, they use synthetic materials as a filler. This is polyester, synthetic winterizer, latex. They well fit the vertebral structures, fixing them in an anatomical position. Synthetic fillers are quite elastic, therefore, contribute to the expansion of the gap between the vertebral bodies.
Sleep lovers on their side need to purchase pillows with less rigidity. Fillers can be both synthetic and natural (buckwheat husk, fluff, feather).
The classic orthopedic pillow has a rectangular shape. More often it is equipped with a recess for the head, and sometimes for the shoulder. Recently, wave-like pillows are especially in demand. They look like two flat rollers, between which there is a wide recess. Depending on the placement of the pillow on it, it is comfortable to sleep both on the back and on the side.
The main parameter when choosing an orthopedic pillow is the height of the roller, which is from 8 to 14 cm. To calculate the desired height, you should measure the distance from the neck to the edge of the shoulder and add a couple of centimeters. If the mattress is not very hard, then it is impractical to purchase a pillow that is too high. The width and length of the model must match the physique of the person. For stout tall people, you need a large pillow, miniature - much smaller.
How to sleep with exacerbation of cervical osteochondrosis
The recurrence of cervical osteochondrosis is characterized by the appearance of acute pains that can be treated medically. But they can occur at night due to one awkward movement. Neurologists and vertebrologists recommend during this period to sleep only in the “embryo” position - on the side with bent legs. It is imperative to use an orthopedic pillow to prevent compression of the bone growths of the vertebral artery and spinal roots.
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Best sleeping position
Complete relaxation of the muscular structures of the spine at night, is only possible in certain positions. The body should be in such a position that there is complete relaxation of muscle fibers and the spine is maintained in a natural position. If you sleep on your stomach, then the first and second vertebrae are very tense, which adversely affects human health. With other pathological processes, sleep in this position is allowed (there is no pressure on the spine from the side of internal organs), but not with cervical osteochondrosis.
If you choose the right position for sleep, you can reduce the load on the vertebrae located in the cervicothoracic region, as much as 3 times. Accordingly, during the rest period, the spine will rest and recover. When choosing a posture for relaxation, it is worthwhile to be guided by the following principle: the spine should maintain natural bends. The following is a brief description of the three main positions for sleep, after which a person feels much better and more cheerful.
In the supine position, the head of the person comes into contact with the back of the head, so the neck assumes a physiological position, like a natural lordosis. The lower limbs need to be slightly bent at the knees, put a small roller under the lower back. In this position, all the muscles of the back will relax well, and when the legs are in a straight position, the effect is the opposite.
On the side or in the fetal position, it is necessary to press the lower limbs to the chest, while the head should be located on the pillow, the shoulder under the pillow, with emphasis on the mattress. It is recommended to put a small roller between the legs in the area of the knee joints. Using a roller, the pressure of one leg on the other is eliminated and there is no violation of the microcirculation of blood. This sleeping position is useful for patients with snoring, apnea, and those who cannot rest in a supine position.
Cushion selection criteria
A proper and comfortable pillow is considered the main attribute of a healthy and full sleep, and therefore, when choosing it, you should adhere to a number of criteria. It is not recommended to sleep without a pillow with cervical osteochondrosis, although this type of sleep has been practiced for a long time.
In this position, the cervical segment experiences extreme tension, since the spine simply hangs in space, without experiencing any support. It is also worth refraining from too soft a pillow, as it also does not support the cervical spine.
Such requirements are put forward to a pillow:
- it should be rectangular or square,
- not to be very tall
- the width is selected for each person individually,
- have an average degree of rigidity.
A bit about these options. An ideal pillow should be rectangular or square; 40 * 60, 50 * 70, 70 * 70 are considered standards.
In the salons of orthopedic products, you can find a variety of rollers, crescents, semicircles, but they should not be used for sleep, since their main purpose is to relax the cervical spine in the daytime (driving in a car, working in the office). If you choose the right product for sleep, then you can avoid pressure on the muscles of the neck.
The height of the pillow should not exceed 10 cm, then this is an ideal position for the human spine, while its natural bends are preserved. The cervical region is above the level of the head, and the shoulders are slightly raised. If after sleep, in the morning, the patient experiences pain and numbness, then this indicates that the pillow is high.
As for stiffness, it should be medium, that is, not very soft, but not particularly hard. Hard pillows do not allow a person to fully relax, while the muscles of the neck are in constant tension. A quality product for sleeping does not undergo deformation, and after a night's sleep it should return to its original form.
There are people who, during sleep, like to throw their hands behind their heads, constantly spin and change their position. Unfortunately, a classic orthopedic pillow will not work for them, they will produce a special product that has a recess for the head in the middle, and on the sides there are solid, small-sized rollers.
Orthopedic pillows can be with different fillers, most often they are placed in them:
- buckwheat husk
- spring blocks
- natural or artificial latex,
- gel layers.
The price category of such pillows is very diverse. It is tailored to the consumer with a different budget, but with the same diagnosis - cervical osteochondrosis.