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Flatulence - causes, treatment

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Flatulence is the process of the release of digestive gases, which is often accompanied by sounds of various degrees of loudness, fetid odors. Modern medicine considers flutulence to be quite normal phenomena. The exit of accumulated gases to the outside is called the passage of flatulence, their normal amount during the day is from 5 to 18. If abdominal bloating occurs, rumbling, transfusion is felt, they speak of flatulence. The increase in flatulence indicates the activation of microflora. In this way, the intestine can respond to certain foods, emotional experiences, signal diseases of the digestive tract.

How does the process of gas formation

The process of gas formation can be reliably attributed to the natural ones, the release of carbon dioxide begins in the uppermost sections of the small intestine, as a result of the interaction of the alkaline secretion secreted by the pancreas and the acidic contents of the stomach. The most active process of gas formation occurs in the colon, where the digested products interact with microflora.

The microflora content of each person is different, we get it with breast milk. But it is precisely from this factor that in the future they will depend on how well some foods will be digested by our body and how badly others.

Sources of gas generation are:

  • air swallowed with food while smoking or chewing gum,
  • vital activity of microflora living in the large intestine.

For a day in the body of a healthy person, from half a liter to one and a half liters of gases is formed. A healthy intestine is able to absorb some of it painlessly for humans. Some part of it must still be driven out. Since modern nutrition and lifestyle have led to the fact that it is almost impossible to meet people with absolutely healthy intestines, most people have to deal with the problem of increased fluctuation and flatulence.

Both children and adults flatter, people who are healthy and sick. Toddlers and the older generation do this more often due to the instability of the digestive tract. The norm is considered to be up to 20 passages per day. Usually this phenomenon occurs during a bowel movement. But it also happens that a "riot" in the stomach occurs completely unexpectedly and absolutely out of place. The problem is solved by taking certain drugs, herbal remedies, and in other ways.

Is it necessary to fight flutulence

The assertion that it is necessary to fight the process of flutulence initially is not entirely true. After all, this phenomenon is observed even in newborns in which the formation of the enzymatic apparatus did not occur. In the first days and weeks of a child’s life, many mothers encounter such a phenomenon as gas plugs; dill water is used for its treatment. The phenomenon is also often observed in the elderly.

Normal bowel activity causes minimal flutulence. Only its strengthening indicates the excessive development of certain representatives of microflora, which in turn leads to an improper digestion process. Correct the situation can the systematic intake of phytoncid-containing plants that can suppress hypertrophic microflora.

Dietary addiction is the most common cause of increased gas formation. By the method of influencing the activity of flatulence, food products can be conditionally divided into the following types:

  • causing gas formation: nuts, fish, cauliflower, melons, corn, poultry, eggs, grapes, zucchini,
  • causing moderate gas formation: citrus fruits, apples, eggplant, tomatoes, bread and bakery products,
  • causing increased flattencen: dairy products, legumes, celery, onions, plums, apricots, raisins.

It is the latter that have an active influence on the development of microflora, revitalize intestinal motility, prevent constipation and, in some cases, act as a laxative. So, you can easily embarrass after eating dishes containing white or Brussels sprouts, broccoli. On the eve of important events and events, it is better to refrain from such food. Gassing drinks: concentrated soda, kvass and beer.

For healthy flutulence, you need to eat foods rich in oligosaccharides, it is they that contribute to the development of healthy microflora. According to the principle of exposure, they are similar to fibrous cellulosic substances, which create an excellent substrate for the reproduction of bacteria, which contributes to an increase in their mass, better processing of food and the suppression of pathogenic microflora.

Medicine has known about the need for solid fibrous substances for normal food processing for a long time, however, problems with their deficiency are not always solved adequately. For example, advice to consume more bran, steeply cooked cereals can cause increased gas formation due to increased fermentation in the digestive tract. Especially this problem concerns the elderly.

The real help can be rendered only by products not just rough, but also live, fermented or fermented. It is this kind of food that can suppress excessive gas formation and fermentation, considered as dysbiosis. Live food causes gas formation much less than boiled food, the digestion process becomes enzymatic, and fermentation associated with microbiological digestion is suppressed.

Diseases - Causes of Flutulence

If excessive flattenation is observed, then this does not always indicate pathology. Perhaps it will be enough just to review your diet, but if this does not help, do not delay the visit to the doctor. If a person adheres to a normal diet, and the intestines too often, loudly and with a smell “reminds of themselves,” you need to contact a gastroenterologist. Increased gas emission is one of the symptoms of the following pathologies:

  1. Dysbacteriosis or intestinal dysbiosis. With its development, the composition of the microflora of the colon changes, which may be accompanied by stool disorder, increased fermentation processes and excessive gas formation.
  2. Digestive enzyme deficiency. When there is a lack of necessary enzymes, food is not completely digested, which causes flutulence.
  3. Violation of intestinal motility. Due to the slowing down of the movement of the chyme, it is subjected to a longer exposure from microorganisms and, as a result, gas formation intensifies.
  4. Intestinal infection.
  5. Violation of bile secretion.
  6. Irritable bowel syndrome.

The problem often occurs in the postoperative period, with constipation and functional dyspepsia. A common cause is also neurosis.

Flutulence Treatment

Comprehensive medical measures are possible only after a diagnosis is established. Doctors usually recommend enzyme replacement therapy, microbiota rehabilitation, and choleretic drugs. In addition, an important element of the treatment plan for flatulence is a diet that excludes alcohol, foods and drinks, which contribute to the development of fermentation, rotting, gas formation. Dietary restrictions also apply to coarse fiber, long-digesting proteins, and lactulose.

It is worth revising your diet and identifying what provokes the passage of gases, and also observe the following recommendations:

  1. Refuse foods that cause flatulence and flatulence.
  2. Chew food thoroughly, do not talk while eating.
  3. Do not combine starch and protein, such as meat and potatoes.
  4. Do not overeat, because of this, the food stagnates in the intestines, the fermentation process begins, which provokes belching and flatulence.
  5. Drink at least 2 liters of fluid per day, it helps cleanse the body and normalize digestion. But you need to drink water before eating!
  6. It is worth getting rid of nicotine addiction.
  7. Allow enough time for physical activity.
  8. Normalize your daily routine and get enough sleep.
  9. To learn correctly, to cope with stresses, if neurosis became the cause of flutulence, you can take herbs such as valerian, melissa, mint, motherwort.

One-time "first aid" are enterosorbents, prokinetics, simethicone or dimethicone preparations. Nervous people are prescribed sedatives. A non-drug way of self-help in eliminating the effects of dietary incontinence is a massage of the abdomen. Effective folk remedies that regulate gas formation include dill water, anise oil, decoctions and infusions of fennel, chamomile, St. John's wort, mint, wormwood.

The doctor can prescribe adsorbents (Lactofiltrum, Enterosgel), which will help remove toxins and harmful substances from the body that negatively affect the functioning of the intestine. With intestinal dysbiosis, drugs are prescribed that restore the intestinal microflora: Acipol, Bifiform.

For intestinal infections, antimicrobials (Stopdiar), agents for oral rehydration (Regidron), enterosorbents (Smecta, Neosmectin) can be prescribed. With enzyme deficiency, drugs that normalize digestion, such as Mezim, Festal, Enzistal, are prescribed.

In violation of bile secretion, medicinal herbs, for example, corn stigma, immortelle, can be prescribed. But it is impossible to take choleretic herbs in the presence of stones in the gall bladder, as their movement and blockage of the bile ducts is possible. As soon as the underlying disease is eliminated, excessive gas exhaustion will also pass.

Question: how to get rid of flutulence?

The site provides reference information for informational purposes only. Diagnosis and treatment of diseases should be carried out under the supervision of a specialist. All drugs have contraindications. Specialist consultation required!

My daughter is 14 years old. In September 2009 because of her classmates, she was experiencing nervous tension, which 10/12/2009.
in increased flatulence. Then there were occasionally pains in the epigastric region. Therefore, the gastroenterologist we turned to put her daughter in a hospital for examination (FGDS, AHS, etc.), where she was given the doctor: gastritis of the antrum, etc. She underwent treatment: Riabal, act. coal, glycidis, flemoxin, clarithromycin, de-nol, yogurt, diet No. 5, which did not affect flutulence. Again, they turned to a gastroenterologist, she prescribed other treatment: meteospasm, hilak forte, cardonate, herbal decoction: chamomile, mint, St. John's wort, linden, which also did not give anything. After the next visit, a new treatment: espumisan, bifiform, hilak continued., e-phoresis on the collar zone, other diet: as with celiac disease, but the result is the same. Then she recommended the consultation of the surgeon, who prescribed irrigography and exposed the doctor: VPR - dolichocolon, compensated form. Insufficiency of the butterfly valve. Reflux ileitis. After that, a gastroenterologist sent her daughter to Obl. children's b-tsu, where we did not go, because the surgeon said it could be a neurological cause. By this time (April 2010), it was necessary to somehow finish the 8th grade (my daughter could not go to school since December, because the children called names very cruelly). I took home studies and, closing my eyes, the teachers made at least some grades. In the summer I turned to a psychologist who suggested that my daughter had a psychosomatic illness. She visited a psychologist for several sessions (about 10), but this did not produce results. In August, we consulted with a proctologist who, after examination, reported normal operation of an. sphincter and gave direction to a neuropathologist. I enrolled my daughter in line with a private neurologist and in September he put out a doctor: Neurosis of obsessive states, and prescribed treatment: neurovitan, neuromedin, noobut, amplipulse to the region. intestines, massage of the abdomen. But again, nothing has changed, except for the interval between the flatuses (at the beginning every 1-2-3 minutes, and now about 30 minutes). My daughter again has home-based training. She is very unsure of herself, is still afraid of the dark (I work in shifts and she remains alone in night shifts, we have no close relatives).
WHAT SHOULD WE DO? CAN YOUR NEUROLOGY ADVISE ANYTHING ANYTHING?

In this situation, the main cause of somatic pathologies, including increased gas formation, is a neuropsychiatric disorder. The help of a professional psychotherapist is needed - a course of psycho-training and medical treatment will be required under the supervision of a specialist.

Increased flutulence

Increased gas formation in the intestinal cavity can be triggered by various violations of the digestion process in the human body. This may be a small amount of necessary digestive enzymes or various absorption problems. Microbes are brought into an active state by undigested products, which leads to increased gas production in the intestine.

In addition, a disturbed bacterial composition very often causes a bloated abdomen. An excess of microorganisms in combination with the predominant flora, which is not found in the intestine in the normal state of things, in the complex can lead to an acceleration of the processes of decomposition and decay.

In addition, a major role is played by a violation of the motor function of the intestine. Increased flutulence occurs due to the prolonged presence in the intestine of decomposition products. The reasons for the beginning of such a process may be:

  • abnormalities in the intestinal cavity,
  • the consequences of operations in the digestive tract,
  • intestinal irritation syndrome,
  • exposure to certain medications
  • the beginning of pregnancy.

Flatulence can be caused by all kinds of mechanical obstructions, such as adhesions, polyps, or tumor formations. Increased flutulence can be observed due to malfunctions of the circulatory process in the intestinal cavity, and may also be due to factors of a psychogenic nature.

Frequent flutulence

Frequent flatulence is a problem that often causes trouble in public. Not only is this simply indecent, a similar phenomenon indicates the onset of serious problems in the body. The situation deserves to be understood in the most detailed way.

Frequent flatulence can be caused by the reasons listed below:

  1. Aerophagia. This name is swallowing in the process of eating excess air. This can happen in the case of not quite correct human behavior during meals. This means that a person swallows food in large pieces, speaks a lot when eating. Another cause of aerophagy may be hiding in bite problems and the presence of dental crowns in the mouth.
  2. Dysbacteriosis Flatulence becomes more frequent with changes in the structure of the microflora of the large intestine. The situation requires treatment.
  3. Lack of digestive enzymes. The lack of digestive enzymes in the gastrointestinal tract causes incomplete digestion of food and, consequently, the frequent release of gases.
  4. Poor passage of absorbed food. With impaired intestinal motility, it cannot qualitatively perform its own function, and, therefore, the progress of food is significantly slowed down. As a result, processes involving microbes are strengthened and the formation and separation of gases is enhanced.

Involuntary Flatulence

Involuntary flatulence can be caused by many reasons, the identification of which requires a full medical examination. First of all, it involves ascertaining by the attending physician the characteristics of the human diet and the main problems associated with the diet. Some cases require a specific study by the attending physician of a person’s diet for a single day. It is necessary for patients to keep a special diary in which information about their daily diet will be entered.

In the event that the patient has a chronic form of involuntary flatulence, it is necessary to completely exclude the possibility of accumulation of fluid in the intestine, while this necessarily implies the need for a complete cure for inflammatory bowel diseases. For people over fifty years of age, an examination is necessary to exclude the likelihood of colon cancer.

Reasons for increased gas formation

Gases in the intestines result from:

  • swallowing air
  • intestinal microflora

Normally, air enters the intestines from the outside and the body copes with it. But there are several reasons why the amount of air swallowed increases:

  • eating on the go, insufficient chewing of food, talking with food, aerophagia (increased ingestion of air when eating) can be caused by malocclusion, wearing braces,
  • smoking, during which a person is inhaled and reflexively inhales air,
  • жевание жвачки, при этом наблюдается гиперсаливация, в результате человек вынужден чаще глотать слюну, а с ней и воздух.

Продукты, повышающие газообразование

Но основной причиной частого отхождения является употребление продуктов, которые провоцирует образование большого количества газов:

    Молокопродукты. They contain lactose, and many people lack enzymes that help digest it.

Important! It must be borne in mind that each person transfers different products in different ways. For example, if in one person milk causes severe indigestion, in another person, on the contrary, improve bowel function. Therefore, in order to identify which product provokes excessive exhaustion of gases, it is better to keep a diary in which to write down everything that is eaten and what kind of reaction it was.

Important! Sometimes increased gas formation is observed due to an incorrect combination of products. Some foods separately, even when they are eaten too much, do not cause any problems, but together they can provoke digestive disorders, which will lead to excessive secretion of gases. This is possible, for example, when eating white bread with soup, mashed potatoes with sausages.

Diseases that can cause flatulence

Excessive flatulence is not always associated with errors in food, it can be a symptom of the following pathologies:

  1. Dysbacteriosis or intestinal dysbiosis. With its development, the composition of the microflora of the colon changes, which may be accompanied by stool disorder, increased fermentation processes and excessive gas formation.
  2. Digestive enzyme deficiency. When there is a lack of necessary enzymes, food is not completely digested, which causes flutulence.
  3. Violation of intestinal motility. Due to the slowing down of the movement of the chyme, it is subjected to a longer exposure from microorganisms and, as a result, gas formation intensifies.
  4. Intestinal infection.
  5. Violation of bile secretion.
  6. The postoperative period.
  7. Constipation
  8. Irritable bowel syndrome.

All these diseases are treated by a gastroenterologist.

Important! The cause of flutulence may be neurosis.

Flatulence treatment should be started after identifying the cause of excessive gas formation.

It is worth revising your diet and identifying what provokes the passage of gases, and also observe the following recommendations:

  1. Refuse foods that cause flatulence and flatulence.
  2. Chew food thoroughly, do not talk while eating.
  3. Do not combine starch and protein, such as meat and potatoes.
  4. Do not overeat, because of this, food stagnates in the intestines, fermentation processes begin to provoke belching and flatulence.
  5. Drink at least 2 liters of fluid per day, it helps cleanse the body and normalize digestion. But you need to drink water before eating, since drinking it after that leads to the fact that the gastric juice is diluted and poorly digests food. Drinking plenty of fluids is also important because dry mouth causes swallowing.
  6. It is worth getting rid of nicotine addiction.
  7. Allow enough time for physical activity.
  8. Get enough sleep.
  9. To learn correctly, to cope with stresses, if neurosis became the cause of flutulence, you can take herbs such as valerian, melissa, mint, motherwort.


If the diet does not help, then you should consult a doctor to identify the causes of frequent gas exhaustion and prescribe adequate treatment.

The doctor can prescribe adsorbents (Lactofiltrum, Enterosgel), which will help remove toxins and harmful substances from the body that negatively affect the functioning of the intestine.

With intestinal dysbiosis, drugs are prescribed that restore the intestinal microflora: Acipol, Bifiform.

For intestinal infections, antimicrobials (Stopdiar), agents for oral rehydration (Regidron), enterosorbents (Smecta, Neosmectin) can be prescribed.

With enzyme deficiency, drugs that normalize digestion, such as Mezim, Festal, Enzistal, are prescribed.

In violation of bile secretion, medicinal herbs, for example, corn stigma, immortelle, can be prescribed. But it is impossible to take choleretic herbs in the presence of stones in the gall bladder, as their movement and blockage of the bile ducts is possible.

As soon as the underlying disease is eliminated, excessive gas exhaustion will also pass.

If excessive flatulence is observed, then this does not always indicate a pathology and it may be sufficient only to review your diet, but when this does not help, do not delay the visit to the doctor.

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