Although young mothers have been using this accessory for more than a decade, some questions still remain open.
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Lubricate your ass with cream or use a powder? Can diapers cause diaper rash and do they prevent them from accustoming the baby to the pot on time? We dispel myths and answer the most pressing questions.
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Rules for the use of diapers and laboratory studies of disposable diapers
Without disposable diapers in developed countries today, perhaps, not a single child grows up. The debate about the dangers of diapers has long given way to speculation about which brand of diapers is better. Hygienic products are tirelessly tested by kids, but sometimes serious scientists join them.
The first diapers - analogues of modern ones - appeared almost 70 years ago. It is believed that Marion Donovan, Vogue’s deputy editor and mother of many children, came up with them, cutting out waterproof panties from an ordinary bathroom curtain and putting them on over a diaper.
Her invention was developed by chemical engineer Victor Mills. An employee of Procter & Gamble, burdened by many grandchildren, came to the conclusion that it would be nice to put absorbent material in a cloth diaper. The first "testers" of the novelty were the younger members of his family. And since 1959, "diapers" (from the English "pamper" - "pamper") began their victorious march around the world.
So similar, so different
Today, many companies are engaged in the production of diapers. And this is good, because it gives parents a lot of room to choose the most suitable product - both in terms of functionality, and price, and most importantly - how much this or that model suits the child.
There are a variety of options on sale: for boys, girls or unisex, for newborns - with a navel cutout, for older children - panties for potty training, hypoallergenic and with an inner layer covered with emollient cream, as well as with a filling indicator that tells you it's time to change the diaper.
Numerous studies and, importantly, a couple of generations of children who grew up in the "era of diapers", confirm that they do not bring harm to health. “You should not believe the widespread rumors that skin temperature rises in a disposable diaper, and this can lead to infertility in boys,” says Elena Baybarina, chief neonatologist at the Russian Ministry of Health and Social Development. “Whatever the child is in - in wet diapers, in a disposable diaper or in gauze - his skin temperature is exactly the same.”
To determine whether the baby is comfortable in a particular diaper is not so difficult. If a recently worn diaper leaks, even if it is properly fastened, it means that it is clearly more than necessary. When red marks from gum and scuffs appear on the legs, you need to stock up on a larger size. If the baby’s tender skin is covered with diaper rash or a rash, this can indicate both an allergic reaction and the fact that the baby is rarely changed. In any case, such signals are an occasion to acquire new diapers.
Of course, an experienced mother is already well versed in choosing the perfect option for her baby. But for those who have never used diapers before , it is worth considering some nuances.
During wakefulness, diapers should be changed at least every 3-4 hours, and if necessary - more often. But at night, without special need, this is not worth it.
Air baths - The best prevention of diaper dermatitis and diaper rash. So two or three times a day for half an hour the child is simply “obliged” to flaunt with a bare booty! Many young mothers stockpile during pregnancy powders and creams for diapers. But there is no need to rush with these funds. It is possible that they are not needed at all. In any case, you need to remember: too much powder or ointment can significantly reduce the absorption efficiency of the upper layer of the diaper, because of which the time of its use will be significantly reduced.
When the child grows up and the time comes to instill in him hygiene skills, they will come to the rescue special panties, which can be used both during a walk and at home, in the process of accustoming the baby to the potty. They are worn as ordinary underwear, and at the same time they have all the advantages of diapers: good absorbency, breathability, softness and comfort.
All these characteristics are very important for creating a truly worthy product. The Russian site for laboratory testing and expert evaluation of consumer goods Product-test.ru tested diapers of well-known brands - such as Pampers, Muumi, Huggies, Libero, Moony, Goo.N, Merries, Helen Harper - for compliance with the declared manufacturer characteristics on several points at once.
In the laboratory, they checked how well the dry and already wet diaper absorbs moisture, how much liquid it can hold, and if it passes air. The results obtained have largely surprised experts. For example, the vaunted "Japanese" lost in terms of absorbency and moisture loss, but unconditionally won in terms of softness and comfort. You can safely buy them, only change should be more often.
The champion for absorption among all the tested models was Libero Every Day - they hold up to 430 ml of liquid! It is clear that such a large moisture absorption is unlikely to be useful in practice. And yet this is a serious plus for diapers, especially with a long walk.
Pampers Active Baby won a solid "five" for the speed of absorption in a wet diaper, and the Finnish Muumi - the highest score for breathability.
Thus, experts came to the conclusion that there is no ideal diaper for all occasions: a diaper from one manufacturer is good for a walk, but a baby can sleep more comfortably in another.
In short, when buying a diaper, you should take into account the time and place of its use, and most importantly, focus on how the child feels. If he is comfortable, then the choice is made correctly!
How to choose a brand?
All disposable diapers are made according to the general principle, but our children are different, so look according to your baby. The best decision is to try! Do not buy large packaging immediately. Firstly, the kids are growing rapidly, and secondly, suddenly the diapers of this particular company will not suit your baby. This may be due to the characteristics of the figure, physiology.
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The diapers of one company can sit perfectly on the baby, and the other (of the same weight category) may not fit. Therefore, you will not have to focus on the advice of other mothers, but try several different brands. It is possible that the first time you’ll be lucky.
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How to understand if the diaper is worn correctly? A finger should pass between the tummy and the belt, and the rubber bands fit snugly against the hips. Look at the skin after you remove the diaper. Are there any red stripes, redness? Maybe next time it’s worth tightening not so tight.
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Does skin need protection?
We know that disposable diapers absorb moisture perfectly. It really is. But in any case, the skin of the baby is in contact with the stool. And often the diaper does not change immediately. So almost all children need additional protection - a diaper. It is also selected by trial and error. Powder was widely used before. It really suits other peanuts. However, many mothers prefer to lubricate the clean skin of the baby with a protective cream.
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The use of any protective agent does not reduce the benefit and need for air baths. After washing, let your child stay naked for as long as possible. This is the best prevention of diaper rash and recovery for the skin.
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How to understand that the diaper is small?
Here, in fact, everything is very simple! The diaper is suitable in size if it is able to withstand the entire volume of bowel movements that comes out of the crumbs overnight. How is this determined? If the sheet is wet in the morning, then this means that it is time to switch to large diapers.
An important aspect is the time of day. So, all caring parents know that their baby’s diaper should be changed every two hours during the day (and sometimes more often if necessary). Moreover, with each change of diaper, the child’s ass must be washed, sprinkled with talcum powder or greased with special oil.
He will not overheat?
How many times have doctors spoken out publicly about the safety of diapers, and the myth of infertility among boys still exists ... Once again, the wise use of diapers is absolutely safe for both girls and boys. However, there are a couple of unpleasant conditions that are found in both the toddlers in diapers and those who are swaddled: prickly heat and diaper rash.
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If the baby overheats, the skin in the buttocks area turns red, a rash appears, causing him great anxiety. Of course, this is best avoided. It's simple - do not overheat the baby! Especially if the street is hot. In the summer, the baby (even the smallest) let him sleep in the same diaper and T-shirt. Do not confuse him! If trouble happened, dry irritated skin with special creams.
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How often to change?
Manufacturers themselves, like doctors, recommend changing the diaper at least every three hours or immediately after the baby has cried. But there is one exception - night sleep. Do not wake up the baby to change the diaper. If it is very wet, try removing it so as not to disturb the baby’s sleep! For night sleep, you can use special diapers that absorb even better. Well, the protective cream applied in the evening will protect the ass from irritation.
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How to choose a diaper?
Diaper selection chart for baby
So that the diaper is not small for your baby and does not bring him any inconvenience, you should especially carefully approach the process of selecting it. Fortunately, we live in the 21st century, and the modern market offers the widest selection of this type of product. Go to any specialized store, and you will see on the shelves a lot of diapers from a wide variety of manufacturers.
The choice of diapers is a very important issue. After all, the skin of infants is incredibly delicate and delicate. And an improperly selected diaper can provoke diaper rash, irritation and a rash on it.
How long to use?
Imagine this is a personal matter for each individual family. Usually they begin to accustom to the potty when the little one is already quite confidently sitting, he can get up from it: at about 7-9 months. If the baby does not ask for a pot yet, there is nothing wrong with that. Abroad, for example, children can walk in diapers at 2 years old, because it’s easier for mom. And for night sleep, diapers are used for as long as necessary. It is more convenient for a grown-up baby to take diaper-panties, which he can put on and take off on his own.
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Is there an alternative?
Many mothers for one reason or another refuse to use disposable diapers. Sure, this makes life a little more difficult. To begin with, there is early planting that minimizes the use of diapers. Mommy notices in what period the baby does his work, and brings it to the sink, where he pees and poops. Then you can prepare the gauze rollers in the old manner and put them in panties.
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There will be a lot of washing! A similar method is called the "natural swaddling system." Manufacturers offer to buy a set of reusable diapers with liners. Many parents prefer this method, since it involves the use of exclusively natural materials.
It is very important to choose the right diaper size for your baby
Size is perhaps the main selection criterion. It is for this parameter that diapers are packaged in bundles:
- babies up to three months: sizes 0-2,
- 3-6 months: sizes 3-4,
- Older than six months: size 5.
However, the age of the baby is a rather arbitrary concept. It is important to focus on the weight of your child. Appropriate designations must indicate the packaging. And some mothers think that this number indicates the amount of fluid that diapers can hold. But everything is much simpler: the digital designation on the package indicates exactly the weight of your child.
Other selection criteria
The quality and tightness of the packaging is the most important criterion for choosing diapers
When choosing diapers, pay attention to the packaging. First of all, it must be tightly closed and not be damaged. Only in this case you can be sure of the suitability of the product.
Shelf life is also an important factor. Keep in mind that one pack can last a long time (for a couple of weeks or, even, for a whole month). Therefore, the period indicated on a particular pack should be with a margin.
The price when choosing diapers is a relative and unreliable thing. You can buy very expensive diapers, but whether they are suitable for your baby in quality is a question. There is no guarantee that the most expensive product will not cause a rash or irritation. Experts recommend buying diapers for the smallest ones, which do not contain lotions or fragrances.