Marijuana (“herb”, “plan”, “ganjubas”, “cannabis”) is a narcotic substance of plant origin. It is obtained by processing (drying and grinding) leaves, stems and inflorescences of hemp. The dried substrate is used primarily for smoking. Its effect on the body is determined by the active cannabinoid substances, the level of which in the "grass" depends on the area of growth and variety of hemp, as well as the method of preparation of the drug. With prolonged regular consumption, it causes a pronounced mental and somewhat less vivid physical dependence (hashishism). There are a number of characteristic signs of marijuana use.
Note:In a number of countries, this “mild” narcotic substance is legalized, and is even used for medical purposes, in particular, to relieve pain in cancer patients. On the territory of the Russian Federation, the manufacture and distribution of marijuana entails criminal liability.
While a person "sits" on a smoking mixture, his brain does not have time to completely degrade, and is not so cloudy. At this level, you can still get rid of addiction and return the person to a normal society with adequate and timely treatment. But first you need to realize the threat poses a harmless-looking weed, to learn about the harm that the smoking mixture brings with it.
According to UN statistics, about 160 million people consume narcotic herbal mixtures on an ongoing basis.
What is grass
"Grass" is a popular designation for hemp. This plant was once famous for its useful and valuable qualities. But over time, the source of benefit became a real "fiend of hell." This metamorphosis occurred due to cannabinoids, which are a large part of the plant. It is these compounds that adversely affect the functioning of the body and cause persistent dependence over time.
In the process of consumption, cannabinoids actively affect the receptors of the brain, which affects the behavior of the addict. Being under a smoking high, a person experiences a number of different sensations, ranging from mild euphoria, accompanied by inexplicable laughter and ending with hallucinogenic states and memory lapses.
The vast majority of people, especially young and frivolous, naively believe that the grass is completely harmless. Such a false belief is not only worth health, but sometimes life.
In many countries (and in Russia as well) cannabis cultivation is prohibited at the official level. Any derivatives of this plant are classified as drugs and are subject to severe penalties for cultivation and distribution.
The danger of "easy" hobbies
Cannabis smoking primarily affects the central nervous system and the functioning of the brain. The greatest danger of such a hobby is the fact that in the vast majority of cases a person switches to heavier drugs over time, when smoking weed already ceases to satisfy him.
Among the most pronounced consequences, the culprit of which is the fascination with hemp, experts note the following:
- mood swings
- serious personality changes,
- global damage to the nervous system,
- numerous problems with teeth and gums,
- a significant drop in mental abilities,
- destruction of the cortex and subcortical structure of the brain,
- the development of various diseases of the respiratory system,
- pronounced inhibition in the awareness and understanding of new information.
One of the most sad consequences of using weed includes a possible overdose, which can lead to death. Accidents often happen to high-smokers. Being in a changed consciousness, a drug addict can make a fire or create another emergency.
How to recognize a smoker weed
Signs of cannabis use do not have fundamental differences between adults and adolescents. It is important to know these symptoms in order to recognize the impending disaster in time and to sound the alarm. At the initial level, the problem is still solvable, and the addict needs to be rescued before he switches to harder drugs.
To find out if a person uses weed, you should carefully look at the behavior and habits of a friend. If there are changes in his normal condition, relatives should immediately beware. So, when a person "sits on the grass", the following signs will become an indicator of such a passion:
Causeless fun. And for the most inconspicuous occasions. Under the influence of hemp, a person experiences a true "universal" love for all living things, joy and fun burst forth with him. Being in a state of drug intoxication, the person seeks to convey his love to everyone around him. And the causeless laugh is so strong that it becomes extremely difficult for a drug addict to stop.
Increased appetite. Smoking weed provokes attacks of insatiable hunger. Cannabinoids irritate the taste buds, so drunk from a drug can eat a normal amount of foods in one sitting, which would normally last for 1-2 days.
By the way, hemp, causing insurmountable gluttony, does not contribute to weight gain. The fact is that the grass also enhances the metabolic processes, so the mass of the addict keeps normal even with constant eating of food.
But then come various problems with the work of the digestive tract. Since, under the influence of the weed, the composition of the gastric juice changes towards oxidation, the erosive lesions of the gastric mucosa and the development of ulcers are more likely.
Eye change. These are the most striking signs of a weed addict, the photo shows that the eye pupils of an intoxicated person are very different from their normal state. Despite the fact that their size does not practically change, the smoker's eyes become unnaturally red and very sore. In some cases, even strabismus develops.. Sometimes the eyelids begin to close on their own.
Increased thirst. In addition to insatiable hunger, a person under the influence of hemp, experiences extreme thirst. This symptom is formed due to excessively increased dryness of the oral mucosa. Narcologists call this effect “cotton-mouth syndrome”.
Behavioral changes. You can identify the addict who uses weed, and for some features in behavior. Such as:
- excessive talkativeness
- inability to concentrate
- the desire for people to chat,
- inability to objectively evaluate time, distance,
- periodic inhibition, lethargy, some dullness, which is replaced by mobility and talkativeness,
- problems with short-term memory (a drug addict is not able to remember what happened to him 5-10 minutes ago, how he ended up in this place, etc.).
Sweating. When smoking weed due to increased metabolic processes in humans, there is an increase in perspiration. Moreover, sweat has a disgusting, repulsive and pungent odor. The strongest deodorants do not save from this “aroma”.
If the symptoms that occur in the case of the usual use of hemp, in some cases can be confused with just a good mood and an optimistic attitude towards life and the surrounding reality, then symptoms of a different kind are less pleasant. We are talking about an overdose. In this case, the signs of cannabis use are much more pronounced. They are as follows:
- painful muscle cramps
- slowing down speech functions,
- a significant reduction in all reactions,
- increased heart rate, in connection with which there is a strong increase in blood pressure,
- a thoughtful, apathetic state (the person does not respond to others),
- the appearance of hallucinations of various types (auditory, tactile, visual),
- attacks of suspicion and anxiety, sometimes reaching a paranoid state.
Over time, hemp lovers feel a need for more vivid sensations. This is due to the body getting used to the grass. In this case, the person switches to the use of spice, hash. A dependent can also get hooked on more serious drugs - hallucinogens.
"Verbal and substantive" signs
It is possible to suspect that a loved one got hooked on cannabis by the appearance of some strange devices in the house. If in doubt, you must carefully check the apartment for items such as:
- Cut tubes, hose residues.
- Empty cigarettes (exempted from tobacco).
- Matchboxes with the remains of an incomprehensible mixture of herbs.
- Various unusual twists made of foil or cellophane.
- Plastic cropped bottles. Addicts cut out special holes at the bottom, and it can even be a little smoked.
In addition to such accessories used by addicts who use weed, the conversation of the addict can also change. Slang expressions appear in his speech. These buzzwords are another sign of cannabis consumption. When discussing how to recognize a drug addict who uses weed by slang words, you should know that in this case it is difficult to single out a specific “doubtful” word.
The jargon of drug smokers is constantly changing, they invent new words and definitions. Dependents come up with different names for their smoking paraphernalia. But the following words are most often and have long been found in the everyday life of smokers and give out his addiction to hemp:
- hash (hash): hash,
- boshka: dry tops of a narcotic plant,
- dotsl (to smoke or finish): to finish the remains of the mixture,
- explode: smoking weed with a bulbulator,
- boiled milk: the remains of milk where dry plant mass was boiled,
- jamb (jamb): weed, packaged in a cigarette or rolled up the jamb and ready to eat,
- Bulbulator (Bulbik): equipment made from plastic eggplant, smoke hemp or hash with it.
It will be worthwhile to mention, as hemp smokers are also called smokers. These are the following slang words: shmal, anasha, hemp, margot, plasticine, drach, bashtumnai, maroussia, ganj, garik, smoke, hemp, snuffbox, grass (grass), cones, plan, drach, maruha, shan, manga, hemp, layer, Bosko, dope, milk, roast, shawl, garik, roast, smoke.
These names are not limited to weed. They can also be called addicts, marijuana, hashish, spice and other types of drugs that are used by smoking..
What to do with the addicted
It is almost impossible to get rid of hemp smoking alone. The situation is explained by the fact that drug addicts who are confident in the safety and ease of such a drug rarely recognize their problem and express a desire to put an end to “foolishness”.
In this case, they can only help in a specialized clinic. Specialists will determine the condition of the addict and develop an individual treatment plan. Assistance to the addict is complex, because you need to save a person not only from physical, but also from mental dependence.
Well, the path to healing begins with a visit to the drug treatment room. The doctor makes an initial examination, assesses the condition of the patient, talks with him and relatives. And then he offers a treatment program, based on the period of consumption of the weed, the frequency of its intake and the body's destruction already received from the drug.
Common signs of smoking marijuana
The signs indicating the use of cannabis are quite extensive and knowing them, you can easily identify addiction in the early phase. They are displayed on the face, speech structure, behavior and in the form of mood swings.
People who smoke marijuana can be identified by the following symptoms:
- Redness of the eyes
- Swelling of the eyelids,
- Excessive talkativeness
- Increased appetite
- Bad breath
- The peculiar smell of burning from the clothes of an addict,
- A sharp change of mood.
Also, a sign of marijuana use is the presence of a drug addict among personal items:
- Matchboxes (used to store grass)
- Foil, empty plastic bottles or smoking pipes,
- Eye drops (used to relieve redness of the eyes).
Symptoms of intoxication from marijuana
Depending on the dose, the signs of intoxication are somewhat different. For a small and medium dose, the following symptoms are characteristic:
- Dilated pupils
- Acute perception of color, sounds,
- Hypersensitivity to light,
- Ease and thoughtlessness in decision making,
- Exaggerated repetition of the mood of others,
For a large dose, the following symptoms are characteristic:
- Pupil narrowing
- Pallor of the skin of the face,
- Dry lips
- Rampant joy
- Impaired coordination of movements,
- Distortion of perception of the sizes of objects and their position in space,
- Causeless fears
In addition to the above symptoms, depending on the individual characteristics of the body, one can observe such signs of drug intoxication:
Signs of continued marijuana use
With prolonged use of marijuana, the addict may experience the following symptoms:
- Memory problems
- Diseases of the genitourinary system,
- Decreased reproductive function,
- Excessive irritability
Psychosocial symptoms of marijuana use
This drug is a psychoactive drug and can provoke a number of mental disorders:
- Increased aggression
- Burnout syndrome
- Increased anxiety
In behavior in society, an addict becomes:
- Aggression-prone rash acts
- Prone to crime.
Signs of the second stage
- Simplification of the phase of intoxication,
- Cheerful mood and performance only after taking the drug,
- Increased cannabis tolerance, smoking alone,
- The state of intoxication becomes the only condition for mental and physical comfort.
At this stage, the main symptom is a person’s irresistible craving for a drug and, as a result, an increase in dose to get the usual effect.
Signs of the third stage
- Apathy (without intoxication),
- Lingering withdrawal symptoms
- Burnout syndrome
- Memory impairment.
At this stage, the person completely adjusts his life position to the use of the drug.
Cannabis use is dangerous due to its slow effect on the human brain. According to psychiatrists, most patients with psychiatric symptoms as well as patients in psychiatric clinics have used this drug constantly or occasionally. Marijuana addiction is a serious illness that requires treatment and subsequent comprehensive rehabilitation. Knowing the symptoms of use and signs of stages, you can help a person in a timely manner. The support and support of specialists is important here.
Comprehensive rehabilitation is the key to a proper attitude towards oneself and others, acceptance of oneself after an illness and prospects for the development of a full, happy life.
How to find out that a person smoked marijuana?
There are laboratory tests to detect cannabinoids in the urine. The active substances of the drug are removed from the body relatively slowly, since they tend to accumulate in adipose tissue. They can be found in the analyzes a week or two after the last episode of marijuana use.
Notice that a person smoked dried hemp, maybe even a layman. After smoking cannabis behavior changes dramatically. The addict experiences excitement and euphoria, it seems to him that the colors of the world have become brighter. The first stage of intoxication is characterized by unreasonable laughter, talkativeness and uttering strange judgments to others. Then increased psychomotor activity is replaced by slowness and thoughtfulness. It seems to the addict who is using “weed” that literally everything is filled with some kind of deep meaning, but he is extremely problematic to formulate and convey his conclusions to other people.
Signs of smoking marijuana:
- mydriasis (dilated pupils),
- hyperemia of the lips and face,
- red eyes,
- increased motor activity,
- spontaneity of decision making,
- unmotivated mood increase, mockery,
- increased libido
- deep thought
- a sharp increase in appetite, "wolf hunger",
- dry mouth
- increased craving for sweets.
Against the background of high-dose intake, the following symptoms of marijuana consumption appear:
- marked narrowing of the pupils,
- dry lips
- lethargy and lethargy,
- impaired coordination of movements,
- a sharp causeless change of mood,
- anxiety and causeless fears.
Note:After the first "experiment", a novice smoker of marijuana may not notice any changes in his condition. Some people feel euphoria only for the third or fourth time, which, apparently, is associated with the individual characteristics of the body and sensitization of specific receptors.
The consequences of marijuana use
Signs of marijuana use include worsening conditions when it is not possible to reuse the drug. Abstinence syndrome is characteristic of “experienced” drug addicts. Against the background of the absence of habitual intoxication, arterial hypertension (increased blood pressure), tachycardia, chills, aching bones, headaches, muscle and joint pain develop. "Breaking" after marijuana is often accompanied by nausea and vomiting. Against the background of withdrawal syndrome, a drug addict can be aggressive towards others.
Other withdrawal symptoms include:
- sleep disturbances
- decreased libido
- trembling limbs
- stomach cramps
- loss of appetite,
- intestinal motility disorders.
Against the background of consumption of large doses, a sharp decrease in blood pressure, the appearance of cold, sticky sweat, confusion or loss of consciousness, as well as visual and auditory hallucinations are possible.
The main danger of cannabis is that people who consume it often begin to look for ways to get new sensations, and switch to "hard" drugs (for example, heroin or other opioids).
Smoking cannabis drugs negatively affects the state of the bronchopulmonary system. Among the consequences of marijuana use are shortness of breath against a background of minor physical exertion, chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
Cognitive abilities suffer from drug addiction, the ability to concentrate and remember is impaired.
Important:In rare cases, hashishism leads to the development of schizophrenia, but marijuana in this case is only a provocateur, and the leading etiological factor is family predisposition.
Dependence is formed rather slowly. With episodic consumption "for the company" with a frequency of 1-2 times a week, the first stage develops within 2-5 years. For her, only the mental need for the next dose is characteristic. In the absence of a drug, a person experiences psycho-emotional discomfort. For the development of the second stage, you need to consume cannabis for 5-10 years. At this stage, physical dependence also appears. Marijuana becomes a stimulant, without which the addict is very difficult to do. When canceled, a state of stupor appears and a depressive state develops.
Authorship and text editing:
Head of the Department of Psychiatry and Narcology, MC Alkoklinik, psychiatrist-narcologist Popov A.G., doctor psychiatrist-narcologist Serova L.A.
with a specialist